Rwanda - clean cooking with pellets

Rwanda - clean cooking with pellets

In Rwanda, many households use charcoal for cooking, leading to health and environmental concerns. For example, deforestation for charcoal leads to climate change and environmental problems such as erosion, which affect local people. Cooking with pellets is cleaner, safer, faster and cheaper than traditional cooking methods.

Many Rwandan households in the city use charcoal for cooking, although it is harmful to health and also expensive. It causes indoor air pollution, which causes major health damage to women and children. Collecting firewood also takes a lot of time. In addition, the use of charcoal causes deforestation in Rwanda, resulting in erosion and landslides that adversely affect the local rural population. In addition, the inefficient production and consumption of charcoal leads to unnecessarily high CO₂ emissions. About 8 kilos of wood are needed to produce 1 kilo of charcoal. Pellets are produced much more efficiently; 1 kilo of pellets can be made from approximately 1.5 kilos of sawdust. This is an affordable alternative that can make a difference.

Cooking with pellets in Rwanda has many benefits in terms of health, climate and environment, social aspects and the economy. Cooking with pellets is cleaner, faster and cheaper than with charcoal. In addition, raw materials for pellet production can be obtained from local sources. This stimulates the local economy and reduces dependence on imported energy solutions. The materials consist of substances such as wood or organic residues, creating a circular solution. In addition, many green jobs are created within the project’s value chain. Pellets provide opportunities for entrepreneurs, farmers and young graduates – especially women – to enter a new sector that offers opportunities in domestic and foreign trade.

Project detail






The total impact of the project


x million kilos of wood saved


reached x thousand people


x thousand tons of CO₂ reduced

The project in detail

FairClimateFund, BioMassters Ltd., Mimi Moto, BIX Capital and TRAIDE, together have formed the partnership ‘Partners in Pellets’. This partnership has a clean cooking project set up using pellets and Tier-4 gas stoves. The pellets are made from waste materials, such as sawdust or other woody agricultural by-products and coffee husks. The materials are compressed into small cylinders. The pellet market and the use of clean cookstoves help households of various income levels. In addition, the use of these cookstoves is beneficial for SMEs, such as small restaurants.

To create a thriving ecosystem in which several households use pellets, Partners in Pellets uses various activities. Each partner brings its own unique expertise, from producing pellets or cookstoves to providing training or developing a carbon credit methodology.

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