Indonesia – clean cooking on biogas

Indonesia – clean cooking on biogas

A large number of rural Indonesian families rely on agriculture to generate income and are vulnerable to climate change. Biodigesters help to reduce the negative effects of climate change. It also saves time and gives women a stronger position. The use of bio-slurry on crops generates additional income.

In rural Indonesia, agriculture depends on a healthy natural environment. The increasing threat of the changing climate is putting agricultural income at risk.

Biogas offers small farmers with livestock a sustainable way to reduce dependence on firewood and expensive fossil fuels for cooking. Biogas also significantly improves their living conditions and helps to reduce the negative effects of climate change.

The Indonesian Biogas Program (IDBP) is called the BIRU program in Indonesia. BIRU means: ‘blue’ and is an acronym of Biogas Rumah, which translates as ‘biogas for the home’. The program has built biogas plants at households in 12 provinces in Indonesia, namely Lampung, West Java, DKI Jakarta, Banten, Central Java, D.I. Yogyakarta, East Java, South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (Sumba).

The BIRU program was started by Hivos, in close collaboration with the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and SNV. Hivos established and strengthened Yayasan Rumah Energi (YRE) to implement BIRU. YRE has now become a powerful organization for carrying out biogas and energy projects. In 2021, Hivos also transferred the development and certification of CO₂ projects to YRE. In 2022, FairClimateFund took over the sale of Gold Standard Carbon Credits generated from this project from Hivos.

Project detail






The impact of the project


x thousand tons of CO₂ reduced


x thousand biogas plants thousand installed


x thousand households use bioslurry as fertilizer

The project in detail

The biogas program distributes biodigesters as a local sustainable energy source by developing a commercial, market-oriented sector. This offers business opportunities for construction companies, as well as training and employment for masons. Farmers receive subsidies from carbon financing and have access to loans through local cooperatives.

To endorse the positive social and economic benefits for women, the program was awarded the W+ Standard in 2015. This is a unique label developed by WOCAN to measure the strengthening of the position of women. The WOCAN W+ team applies the W+ Standard in collaboration with BIRU in two provinces of Indonesia: West Nusa Tenggara and East Java. The W+ time method quantifies women’s advantage as 61 minutes of daily time saved.

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04 Mar 2022
With the support of Hivos, the Biogas Consortium signed a cooperation agreement with us.